The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of the clinical laboratories in different health institutions will differ from different places. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.